11/16/12

Posted 11/16/12

Basic Science

  • Study links arctic ground squirrels to human obesity. Click Here 
  • Diet-induced obesity in ad libitum-fed mice: food texture overrides the effect of macronutrient composition. Click Here 
  • Effects of the Physical Form of the Diet on Food Intake, Growth, and Body Composition Changes in Mice. Click Here 
  • Effects of resveratrol on longevity, cognitive ability and aging-related histological markers in the annual fish Nothobranchius guentheri. Click Here 
  • Isotopic evidence that "our ancestors ate grass 3.5 million years ago". Click Here 
  • Obesity-related differences in muscular capacity during sustained isometric exertions. Click Here 
  • Probiotics, prebiotics, energy balance, and obesity: mechanistic insights and therapeutic implications. Click Here 
  • FTO genotype is associated with phenotypic variability of body mass index. Click Here 
  • Loss-of-function mutations in MC4R are very rare in the Greek severely obese adult population. Click Here 
  • FABP4 Dynamics in Obesity: Discrepancies in Adipose Tissue and Liver Expression Regarding Circulating Plasma Levels. Click Here 
  • Rhein Protects against Obesity through LXR-Mediated UCP1 Upregulation in BAT. Click Here 
  • Inhibition of CPT-1 Activity Alleviates Insulin Resistance in Diet-Induced Obese Mice. Click Here 
  • Circulation Research: Diabetes and Obesity thematic synopsis. Click Here 
  • Trajectories of Agouti-Related Protein and Leptin Levels During Antipsychotic-Associated Weight Gain in Patients With Schizophrenia. Click Here 
  • Discovery of a novel non-steroidal GR antagonist with in vivo efficacy in the olanzapine-induced weight gain model in the rat. Click Here 
  • Obesity in mice with adipocyte-specific deletion of clock component Arntl. Click Here 
  • Progressive-ratio Responding for Palatable High-fat and High-sugar Food in Mice (Video article). Click Here 
  • Adipocyte size is associated with NAFLD independent of obesity, fat distribution and PNPLA3 genotype. Click Here 
  • Sustained sleep fragmentation affects brain temperature, food intake and glucose tolerance in mice. Click Here 

Policy related

  • Adults get almost as many empty calories from booze as from soft drinks, a government study found. Click Here 
  • Bans on Sugary Drinks in Schools Have Little Impact on Consumption. Click Here 
  • Sugar-sweetened beverage ban decreases in-school access but not overall consumption. Click Here 
  • Sugar taxes and weight loss predictions. Click Here 
  • Fast food menus' calorie counts remain high despite increased scrutiny. Click Here 
  • Paternalism, Obesity, and Tolerable Levels of Risk. Click Here 
  • Denmark scraps its infamous fat tax after only one year. Click Here 
  • Tipping the Scale: A Place for Childhood Obesity in the Evolving Legal Framework of Child Abuse and Neglect. Click Here 
  • Exploring Health and Environmental Costs of Food: Workshop Summary. Click Here 
  • Role of Policy and Government in the Obesity Epidemic. Click Here 
  • Non-white female Democratic legislators concerned about obesity are most likely to support obesity prevention legislation. Click Here 
  • Weighing in on Sugary Drinks: NIH Director's Blog. Click Here 
  • An ethical framework for the prevention of overweight and obesity: a tool for thinking through a programme's ethical aspects. Click Here 
  • When does dietary knowledge matter to obesity and overweight prevention? Click Here 

Announcements

  • Virtual Forum: Childhood Obesity & the Environment, November 29. Click Here 

Translational, Clinical, and Behavioral: RCTs

  • Simply conversing about exercise led to more food intake. Click Here 
  • No effect on weight gain of women assigned to eat 30 grams of chocolate daily during pregnancy. Click Here 
  • Snacking shows no weight gain induced by assignment to ~ 260 kcal daily snacks of chocolate, nuts, or potato chips. Click Here 
  • Subjects assigned to consume over 200 kcal of chocolate per day neither gained nor lost weight. Click Here 
  • Effects of hot bathing when combined with diet and exercise. Click Here 
  • Eating protein at night increases lean body mass among exercisers. Click Here 
  • No Effect of Manipulating Eating Frequency During a Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention. Click Here 
  • Orange Juice Limits Postprandial Fat Oxidation after Breakfast in Normal-Weight Adolescents and Adults. Click Here 
  • Meat supplementation increases arm muscle area in Kenyan schoolchildren. Click Here 
  • A pre-meal snack of raisins decreases mealtime food intake more than grapes in young children. Click Here 
  • Group-randomized obesity prevention trial in American Indian children. Click Here 
  • Calorie restriction is a superior approach to weight management than intuitive eating: an RCT. Click Here 
  • Family-based models for childhood-obesity intervention: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Click Here 
  • Internet- and paper-based weight loss programs aimed at men improve obesity. Click Here 
  • Effects of Mediterranean diet not different between abdominally and non-abdominally obese. Click Here 
  • Effects of Treatment Differences on Psychosocial Predictors of Exercise and Improved Eating in Obese, Middle-Age Adults. Click Here 
  • Aerobic exercise alone results in clinically significant weight loss for men and women: Midwest Exercise Trial-2. Click Here 
  • Vagal Blockade to treat morbid obesity was safe, but weight loss was not greater in treated compared to controls. Click Here 
  • Greater weight loss and hormonal changes after 6 months diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner. Click Here 
  • Obesity, Weight Loss, and Employment Prospects: Evidence from a Randomized Trial. Click Here 

Translational, Clinical, and Behavioral: Non-RCTs

  • Fat spouses and hours of work: are body and Pareto weights correlated? Click Here 
  • A cloud-based serious games framework for obesity. Click Here 
  • Balloon that fools your body's calorie counter could help combat obesity. Click Here 
  • Dietary protein - its role in satiety, energetics, weight loss and health. Click Here 
  • More play great weapon against child obesity. Click Here 
  • Obesity and oral disease - a challenge for dentistry. Click Here 
  • The Barker hypothesis and obesity: Connections for transdisciplinarity and social justice. Click Here 
  • Clinical Tracking of Severely Obese Children: A New Growth Chart. Click Here 
  • UAB professor gets grant to help improve weight and exercise of kids with Down syndrome. Click Here 
  • How Much Weight Change Is Necessary for Normalization of Weight Status in Children? Click Here 
  • Piecing Together Puzzling Questions about Weight. Click Here 
  • Dietary treatment in phenylketonuria does not lead to increased risk of obesity or metabolic syndrome. Click Here 
  • "What My Doctor Didn't Tell Me": Examining Health Care Provider Advice to Overweight and Obese Pregnant Women on Gestational Weight Gain and Physical Activity. Click Here 
  • Unhealthy food is not tastier for everybody: The "healthy = tasty" French intuition. Click Here 
  • Changes in daily leptin, ghrelin and adiponectin profiles following a diet with carbohydrates eaten at dinner in obese subjects. Click Here 
  • Anthropometric markers of obesity and mortality in white and African American adults: The Pennington Center Longitudinal Study. Click Here 
  • Derivation of Background Mortality by Smoking and Obesity in Cancer Simulation Models. Click Here 
  • The independent effect of body mass index on health-related quality of life among racial and ethnic subgroups. Click Here 
  • Waist Circumference and Abdominal Obesity among Older Adults: Patterns, Prevalence and Trends. Click Here 
  • Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Body Weight, Image and Self-Esteem Evaluation questionnaire in patients with severe mental disorders. Click Here 
  • Investigating the potential relationship between skeletal muscle atrophy and obesity. Click Here 
  • The Association Between Body Mass Index and Heath Related Quality of Life: Influence of Ethnicity on this Relationship. Click Here 
  • The association between obesity and colorectal adenoma: systematic review and meta-analysis. Click Here 
  • Consumers with healthier eating habits snack more. Click Here 
  • Anthropometrical differences between suicide and other non-natural death circumstances: an autopsy study. Click Here 

Research Integrity

  • Are Research Papers Reporting Results from Nutrigenetics Clinical Research a Potential Source of Biohype? Click Here 
  • Rigid guidelines may restrict research. Click Here 
  • Scientific Misconduct and the Myth of Self-Correction in Science. Click Here 
  • Replicability and research practices in psychological science (special issue). Click Here 
  • Solving the Problem of Irreproducible Results. Click Here 
  • DSM-5 Task Force Proposes Controversial Diagnosis for Dishonest Scientists. Click Here 
  • Fixing the fraud: how do we safeguard science from misconduct? (Panel discussion). Click Here 
  • Nine Circles of Scientific Hell. Click Here 

General Science

  • Evidence that people follow probability theory when judging probabilities, and that biases in judgment are due to noise. Click Here 
  • Diet-induced alterations of host cholesterol metabolism are likely to affect gut microbiota composition in hamsters. Click Here 
  • Dietary Cholesterol and CVD - ENC Nutrition Research Update Special Cholesterol Edition. Click Here 
  • Association of Race and Sex With Risk of Incident Acute Coronary Heart Disease Events. Click Here 
  • 'Palaeo-porn': we've got it all wrong. Click Here 
  • Variants Identified in a GWAS Meta-Analysis for Blood Lipids Are Associated with the Lipid Response to Fenofibrate. Click Here 
  • Factors Causing Assortative Mating in Threespine Stickleback. Click Here 
  • The marmoset monkey: A multi-purpose preclinical and translational model of human biology and disease (Review). Click Here 
  • Analyses of pig genomes provide insight into porcine demography and evolution. Click Here 
  • Hyperamylinemia as a novel risk factor for diabetic heart disease. Click Here 
  • How did milk help found Western civilization? Click Here 
  • Taking gastronomy to the molecular level creates unprecedented flavor combos. Click Here