03/01/13

Posted 3/1/13

Findings Counter to Hypotheses or Common Beliefs

  • RCT: No significant effects of after school soccer on weight status among students. Click Here
  • No association of participation in afterschool fitness program with youth overweight. Click Here
  • Bariatric surgery was not associated with reduced overall health care costs in the long term. Click Here
  • No influence on longevity of blueberry, cinnamon, green and black tea, pomegranate, sesame, curcumin, morin, Pycnogenol, quercetin and taxifolin fed isocalorically to long-lived, outcrossed mice. Click Here
  • RCT: In cachectic patients with advanced cancer, melatonin did not improve appetite, weight, or quality of life. Click Here
  • Dietary patterns were not associated with BMI among Australian toddlers. Click Here
  • RCT: Food contamination with phthalates and BPA led to unexpected increases in urinary phthalate concentrations in a trial intended to minimize exposure. Click Here

Aging

  • Fat chance for longevity - a role for lipase-generated ?-6 fatty acids in promoting autophagy and, consequently, life span extension. Click Here
  • Intentional weight loss in older adults: useful or wasting disease generating strategy? Click Here
  • The obesity-mortality relationship is estimated to grow stronger with age. Click Here

Basic Science

  • A Pilot Study on the Use of Injection Lipolysis in Visceral Adipose Tissues in Dogs. Click Here
  • Sex Differences In The Effects of Chronic Stress and Food Restriction on Body Weight Gain and Brain Expression of Crf and Relaxin-3 In Rats. Click Here
  • High Dietary Fat Selectively Increases Catalase Expression within Cardiac Mitochondria. Click Here
  • Size-dependent insect flight energetics at different sugar supplies. Click Here
  • Bone marrow derived cells may regulate appetite. Click Here
  • Disruption of Circadian Clock Linked to Obesity, Diabetes and Heart Attacks. Click Here
  • The Relation between Articular Cartilage Thickness and Body Mass in 58 Mammalian Species. Click Here

Basic Science - Methods

  • Distinguishing body mass and activity level from the lower limb: Can entheses diagnose obesity? Click Here
  • Is there a Benefit to Use Calculated Percent Body Fat or Age- and Gender-adjusted BMI to Predict Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease? Click Here
  • Systematic reviews of animal models: Methodology versus epistemology. Click Here

Behavioral

  • Direct and indirect effects of a family-based intervention in early adolescence on parent-youth relationship quality, late adolescent health, and early adult obesity. Click Here
  • Dropout is a problem in lifestyle intervention programs for overweight and obese infertile women: a systematic review. Click Here
  • Self-efficacy as a Predictor of Weight Change and Behavior Change in the PREMIER Trial. Click Here
  • RCT: Combining behavioral weight loss treatment and a commercial program. Click Here
  • RCT: Lifestyle intervention reduces body weight and improves cardiometabolic risk factors in worksites. Click Here

Clinical

  • RCT: Bariatric surgery provides durable glycemic control compared with intensive medical therapy at 2 years. Click Here
  • Obesity is associated with higher overall survival in patients undergoing an outpatient reduced-intensity conditioning hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Click Here

Translational - Other

  • RCT: Morning bright light treatment reduces body fat and appetite in overweight women. Click Here
  • RCT: Treating Rural Pediatric Obesity Through Telemedicine. Click Here
  • The Influence of Body Mass Index and Gender on the Impact Attenuation Properties of Safety Floors. Click Here
  • Re-visiting the relationship between neighbourhood environment and BMI: an instrumental variables approach to correcting for residential selection bias. Click Here
  • RCT: Effects of Experimental Sleep Restriction on Caloric Intake and Activity Energy Expenditure. Click Here
  • Getting to the height of the matter: The relationship between stature and adiposity in pre-pubertal children. Click Here
  • Geographies of Race and Food: Fields, Bodies, Markets. Click Here
  • Being an Only or Last-Born Child Associated with Later Risk of Obesity. Click Here
  • Genetic predisposition to an adverse lipid profile limits the improvement in total cholesterol in response to weight loss. Click Here

Commentary

Diabetes

  • Antidepressant use and new-onset diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Click Here
  • The Relationship of Sugar to Population-Level Diabetes Prevalence: An Econometric Analysis of Repeated Cross-Sectional Data. Click Here
  • Interpreting our findings from today's study on sugars and diabetes (Explanation of above). Click Here

Ethics & Research Integrity

  • Dr. Martin Binks on Financial Conflicts in Science and Media. Click Here
  • Anti BPA Crusade Discrediting Science And Environmental Health, Says Leading, Independent Expert. Click Here
  • Is most scientific research factually distorted? Click Here
  • Goal-priming controversy - Does work hold up? Click Here
  • BMC Psychology pledges 'to put less emphasis on interest levels' and publish repeat studies and negative results. Click Here

Nutrition

  • Systematic Review: African Bush Mango not recommended for weight loss. Click Here
  • Dietary protein - its role in satiety, energetics, weight loss and health. Click Here
  • Two Mediterranean diets decreased major cardiovascular events compared to a low-fat diet. Click Here
  • Political sides have different dining tastes, poll finds. Click Here
  • Overeating makes the gut grow fonder; new insights in gastrointestinal satiety signaling in obesity. Click Here
  • CDC Report: Caloric Intake From Fast Food Among Adults. Click Here

Physical Activity

  • Recommend and They will Exercise - Or will They? Click Here
  • Fewer hours spent on housework may fuel obesity in women. Click Here
  • RCT: CHO supplementation prior to and during exercise increased total force output during high-volume resistance training. Click Here
  • Leisure-time physical activity does not fully explain the higher body mass index in irregular-shift workers. Click Here

Policy

  • Questioning the logical basis of Dr. Marion Nestle's arguments advocating public policy. Click Here
  • Europe Denies Obesity Drug Approval. Click Here
  • Framing Childhood Obesity: How Individualizing the Problem Affects Public Support for Prevention. Click Here
  • Personalised risk communication may have small effect on uptake of screening tests; limited evidence of improving informed consumer decision making. Click Here
  • Taiwan: Nationwide campaign to tackle obesity (Video). Click Here
  • Queensland Government launches shock TV advert (note slimy squishy noises in video). Click Here
  • Pressure grows on government to act on obesity as figures show effect on health and the NHS. Click Here

Policy - General

  • Book - Paternalism: Theory and Practice By Christian Coons. Click Here
  • Libertarian Paternalism, Path Dependence, and Temporary Law. Click Here
  • Court: UF must disclose locations of animal research labs. Click Here
  • White House Unveils Long-Awaited Public Access Policy. Click Here
  • Report: Research must be linked to local needs. Click Here

General Science

  • Local Adaptation to Altitude Underlies Divergent Thermal Physiology in Tropical Killifishes of the Genus Aphyosemion. Click Here
  • School Rankings, Department Rankings, and Individual Accomplishments. What Factors Predict Obtaining Employment After the PhD? Click Here
  • Lies, Damned Lies and (Misused) Statistics.... Click Here
  • Understanding synergy. Click Here

Conferences and Meetings

  • Metabolic Surgery: Guidelines and Clinical Implications, May 2013. Click Here
  • Functional Body Composition and Related Aspects in Research on Obesity and Cachexia, Sept 2013. Click Here
  • Metabolically Healthy and Unhealthy Obese, October 2013. Click Here
  • Biologic Responses to Weight Loss and Weight Regain Research Symposium, April 26-28, 2013. Click Here
  • Conundrum of Defining Food Safety - The Case of the Moving Zero, April 18 - 19, 2013. Click Here
  • Cold Spring Harbor Asia Conference: Metabolism, Obesity and Obesity-associated Diseases. Click Here

Announcements

  • UAB Center for Exercise Medicine names Distinguished Lecture series after Professor Gary Hunter. Click Here
  • Round 3 of AJPM's Childhood Obesity Challenge has launched. Click Here
  • NIH/NIDDK grant opportunity supporting institutional training programs. Click Here
  • Billionaire Dennis Tito seeks couple to send to Mars in 2018. Click Here
  • Nature Publishing Group buys into open-access publisher. Click Here